There is some uncertainty as to what are the precise indulgences belonging to the stations. He explains the reason thus: "it is not permitted to make any halt, nor to pay veneration to them with uncovered head, nor to make any other demonstration". Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary If there are no Franciscan Fathers in that place the bishops who have obtained from the Holy See the extraordinary of Form C can delegate any priest to erect the Stations. Innocent XII confirmed the privilege in 1694 and Benedict XIII in 1726 extended it to all the faithful. Contact information. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15569a.htm. The conditions are that, whilst holding the crucifix in their hands, they must say the "Pater" and "Ave" fourteen times, then the "Pater", "Ave", and "Gloria" five times, and the same again once each for the pope's intentions. The position of the figures in the tableaux, too, may sometimes determine the direction of the route, for it seems more in accordance with the spirit of the devotion that the procession, in passing from station to station, should follow Christ rather than meet Him. Long before Jesus was crucified on the cross at Calvary, He exhorted us to take up our cross daily and follow Him, which is a condition of disciple A disciple is another word for a follower of Christ, one who is learning to be like his Master. Forty years later Franciscans were allowed back into the Holy Land. Way of the Cross. With regard to the number of Stations it is not at all easy to determine how this came to be fixed at fourteen, for it seems to have varied considerably at different times and places. What is the Cross? 1. [9] In 1217, St. Francis also founded the Custody of the Holy Land to guard and promote the devotion to holy places. Just days prior to his death in 2005, Pope John Paul II observed the Stations of the Cross from his private chapel. Imprimatur. Question: "What is the meaning of the cross?" These were usually placed, often in small buildings, along the approach to a church, as in a set of 1490 by Adam Kraft, leading to the Johanniskirche in Nuremberg. Etymology: Way + … It is the secret and power of a Christian's life. Contact information. Imprimatur. Alston, George Cyprian. In 1731 Clement XII still further extended it by permitting the indulgenced Stations to all churches, provided that they were erected by a Franciscan father with the sanction of the ordinary. Tradition asserts that the Blessed Virgin used to visit daily the scenes of Christ's Passion and St. Jerome speaks of the crowds of pilgrims from all countries who used to visit the holy places in his day. A perusal of the prayers usually given for this devotion in any manual will show what abundant spiritual graces, apart from the indulgences, may be obtained through a right use of them, and the fact that the Stations may be made either publicly or privately in any church renders the devotion specially suitable for all. It is carried out by passing from Station to Station, with certain prayers at each and devout meditation on the various incidents in turn. A famous set of Stations was set up in 1515 by Romanet Bofin at Romans in Dauphine, in imitation of those at Fribourg, and a similar set was erected in 1491 at Varallo by the Franciscans there, whose guardian, Blessed Bernardino Caimi, had been custodian of the holy places. MLA citation. . About this page By the early part of the sixteenth century, however, the more reasonable way of traversing the route, by beginning at Pilate's house and ending at Mount Calvary, had come to be regarded as more correct, and it became a special exercise of devotion complete in itself. Remnants of these are often referred to as calvary hills. —These names are used to signify either a series of pictures or tableaux representing certain scenes in the Passion of Christ, each corresponding to a particular incident, or the … The cross is thus a sign of both Christ himself and of the faith of Christians. It is agreed that all that have ever been granted to the faithful for visiting the holy places in person can now be gained by making the Via Crucis in any church where the Stations have been erected in due form, but the Instructions of the Sacred Congregation, approved by Clement XII in 1731, prohibit priests and others from specifying what or how many indulgences may be gained. The stations grew out of imitations of Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem which is believed to be the actual path Jesus walked to Mount Calvary. The cross is mentioned a number of times in the Bible, but most significantly in the letters of Paul. These include the Sacro Monte di Domodossola (1657) and Sacro Monte di Belmonte (1712), and form part of the Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy World Heritage Site, together with other examples on different devotional themes. Ecclesiastical approbation. It may therefore be conjectured, with extreme probability, that our present series of Stations, together with the accustomed series of prayers for them, comes to us, not from Jerusalem, but from some of the imitation Ways of the Cross in different parts of Europe, and that we owe the propagation of the devotion, as well as the number and selection of our Stations, much more to the pious ingenuity of certain sixteenth-century devotional writers than to the actual practice of pilgrims to the holy places. "Way of the Cross." A book entitled "Jerusalem sicut Christi tempore floruit", written by one Adrichomius and published in 1584, gives twelve Stations which correspond exactly with the first twelve of ours, and this fact is thought by some to point conclusively to the origin of the particular selection afterwards authorized by the Church, especially as this book had a wide circulation and was translated into several European languages. Define The Way of the Cross. There is some uncertainty as to what are the precise indulgences belonging to the stations. An interesting variation is found in the special set of eleven stations ordered in 1799 for use in the diocese of Vienne. At the same time the number was fixed at fourteen. (1912). http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15569a.htm the balcony from which these words were pronounced. The Alleluia is also sung, except during Lent. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Even the highly educated Apostle Paul resolved to know nothing except Christ crucified. Entries with "Way of the Cross" way: …to a man's heart is through his stomach way in way of all flesh way of life Way of the Cross way of the world / ways of the world way off way out way to…. It has already been said that numerous indulgences were formerly attached to the holy places at Jerusalem. Way of the Cross. Vol. From about the 6th century BC until the 4th century AD, the cross was an instrument of execution that resulted in death by the most torturous and painful of ways. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Marie Jutras. Benedict XIV in 1742 exhorted all priests to enrich their churches with so great a treasure, and there are few churches now without the Stations. New York: Robert Appleton Company. During His public ministry, He faithfully carried out God’s plan all the way to His death on the cross. Such crucifixes cannot be sold, lent, or given away, without losing the indulgence. But whilst this was being done in Europe for the benefit of those who could not visit the Holy Land and yet could reach Louvain, Nuremburg, Romans, or one of the other reproductions of the Via Dolorosa, it appears doubtful whether, even up to the end of the sixteenth century, there was any settled form of the devotion performed publicly in Jerusalem, for Zuallardo, who wrote a book on the subject, published in Rome in 1587, although he gives a full series of prayers, etc., for the shrines within the Holy Sepulchre, which were under the care of the Franciscans, provides none for the Stations themselves. The Cross means love. Additions and omissions such as these seem to confirm the supposition that our Stations are derived from pious manuals of devotion rather than from Jerusalem itself. Originally, the pope himself carried the cross from station to station, but in his last years when age and infirmity limited his strength, John Paul presided over the celebration from a stage on the Palatine Hill, while others carried the cross. Transcription. Another variation that occurs in different churches relates to the side of the church on which the Stations begin. Modern minimalist stations can be simple crosses with a numeral in the centre. Experience the way of the cross as you never have before. James Matthew Wilson's poetic sequence, The Stations of the Cross, is written in the same meter as da Todi's poem. Boffin and some of the others visited Jerusalem for the express purpose of obtaining the exact measurements, but unfortunately, though each claimed to be correct, there is an extraordinary divergence between some of them. In conclusion it may be safely asserted that there is no devotion more richly endowed with indulgences than the Way of the Cross, and none which enables us more literally to obey Christ's injunction to take up our cross and follow Him. Traduzioni in contesto per "way of the cross" in inglese-italiano da Reverso Context: You knew the way of the cross. Alston, G.C. Second Station: Jesus Carries His Cross We adore You, O Christ, and we praise You. The earliest use of the word Stations, as applied to the accustomed halting-places in the Via Sacra at Jerusalem, occurs in the narrative of an English pilgrim, William Wey, who visited the Holy Land in 1458 and again in 1462, and who describes the manner in which it was then usual to follow the footsteps of Christ in His sorrowful journey. The stations themselves must consist of, at the very least, fourteen wooden crosses—pictures alone do not suffice—and they must be blessed by someone with the authority to erect stations.[22]. All the way of the cross artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. David Bowie regarded his 1976 song "Station to Station" as "very much concerned with the stations of the cross". The Gospel side is perhaps the more usual. With regard to the particular subjects which have been retained in our series of Stations, it may be noted that very few of the medieval accounts make any mention of either the second (Christ receiving the cross) or the tenth (Christ being stripped of His garments), whilst others which have since dropped out appear in almost all the early lists. See more. With regard to the number of Stations it is not at all easy to determine how this came to be fixed at fourteen, for it seems to have varied considerably at different times and places. Nihil Obstat. [citation needed][relevant? The Via Dolorosa at Jerusalem (though not called by that name before the sixteenth century) was reverently marked out from the earliest times and has been the goal of pious pilgrims ever since the days of Constantine. One of the most popularly attended Ways of the Cross at the present day is that in the Colosseum at Rome, where every Friday the devotion of the Stations is conducted publicly by a Franciscan Father. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Ferraris mentions the following as Stations to which indulgences were attached: the place where Christ met His Blessed Mother, where He spoke to the women of Jerusalem, where He met Simon of Cyrene, where the soldiers cast lots for His garment, where He was nailed to the cross, Pilate's house, and the Holy Sepulchre. It has already been said that numerous indulgences were formerly attached to the holy places at Jerusalem. Alternative Title: Way of the Cross Stations of the Cross, also called Way of the Cross, a series of 14 pictures or carvings portraying events in the Passion of Christ, from his condemnation by Pontius Pilate to his entombment. In 1857 the bishops of England received faculties from the Holy See to erect Stations themselves, with the indulgences attached, wherever there were no Franciscans available, and in 1862 this last restriction was removed and the bishops were empowered to erect the Stations themselves, either personally or by delegate, anywhere within their jurisdiction. [8], After the siege of 1187, Jerusalem fell to the forces of Saladin, the first sultan of Egypt and Syria. The three falls of Christ (third, seventh, and ninth Stations) are apparently all that remain of the Seven Falls, as depicted by Krafft at Nuremburg and his imitators, in all of which Christ was represented as either falling or actually fallen. The Church recalls this devotional path since the XIII century. At the end of each station the Adoramus Te is sometimes sung. One of the most frequent of these is the Station formerly made at the remains of the Ecce Homo arch, i.e. If the Via Crucis goes outside, e.g., in a cemetery or cloister, it should if possible begin and end in the church. Pope John Paul II led an annual public prayer of the Stations of the Cross at the Roman Colosseum on Good Friday. The Veronica incident does not occur in many of the earlier accounts, whilst almost all of those that do mention it place it as having happened just before reaching Mount Calvary, instead of earlier in the journey as in our present arrangement. When Romanet Boffin visited Jerusalem in 1515 for the purpose of obtaining correct details for his set of Stations at Romans, two friars there told him that there ought to be thirty-one in all, but in the manuals of devotion subsequently issued for the use of those visiting these Stations they are given variously as nineteen, twenty-five, and thirty-seven, so it seems that even in the same place the number was not determined very definitely. In 1857 the bishops of England received faculties from the Holy See to erect Stations themselves, with the indulgences attached, wherever there were no Franciscans available, and in 1862 this last restriction was removed and the bishops were empowered to erect the Stations themselves, either personally or by delegate, anywhere within their jurisdiction. Riccoldo da Monte di Croce, Burchard of Mount Sion, James of Verona), mention a "Via Sacra", i.e. [28], Dimitris Lyacos' third part of the Poena Damni trilogy, The First Death, is divided in fourteen sections in order to emphasise the "Via Dolorosa" of its marooned protagonist during his ascent on the mount of the island which constitutes the setting of the work. [4][6] Occasionally the faithful might say the stations of the cross without there being any image, such as when the pope leads the stations of the cross around the Colosseum in Rome on Good Friday. Structurally, Mel Gibson's 2004 film, The Passion of the Christ, follows the Stations of the Cross. pl.n. It is probable that the practice was born in the Franciscan context, but … Ecclesiastical approbation. New York: Robert Appleton Company. . The Stations of the Resurrection (also known by the Latin name of Via Lucis, Way of Light) are used in some churches at Eastertide to meditate on the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus Christ. Past composers of the Papal Stations include several non-Catholics. The custom originated with the Franciscans, but its special connection with that order has now disappeared. The stations of a Via Crucis –Latin way translated and known as Way of the Cross, but also known as Via Dolorosa, referring to the suffering of Christ during the Way to Calvary– may have remembrance in a Biblical way, to remember and thank the Lord for His great love for us, but we do not need to fall in idolatry or fanaticism. Cross, the principal symbol of the Christian religion, recalling the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and the redeeming benefits of his Passion and death. Some modern liturgists[24] say the traditional Stations of the Cross are incomplete without a final scene depicting the empty tomb and the resurrection of Jesus because Jesus' rising from the dead was an integral part of his salvific work on Earth. He celebrated that form many times but not exclusively at the Colosseum in Rome,[18][19] using the following sequence (as published by the United States Catholic Conference of Bishops):[20], In 2007, Pope Benedict XVI approved this set of stations for meditation and public celebration. [4][5], The style, form, and placement of the stations vary widely. At the same time he definitely fixed the number of Stations at fourteen. [26] Paweł Łukaszewski wrote Via Crucis in 2000 and it was premiered by the Wrocław Opera on Good Friday March 30, 2018, and transmitted on TVP Kultura. The number of stations varied between seven and thirty; seven was common. The three falls of Christ (third, seventh, and ninth Stations) are apparently all that remain of the Seven Falls, as depicted by Krafft at Nuremburg and his imitators, in all of which Christ was represented as either falling or actually fallen. And, naturally, with varying numbers the incidents of the Passion commemorated also varied greatly. These faculties are quinquennial. Formerly their number varied considerably in different places but fourteen are now prescribed by authority. In 1731 Clement XII still further extended it by permitting the indulgenced Stations to all churches, provided that they were erected by a Franciscan father with the sanction of the ordinary. If a pastor or a superior of a convent, hospital, etc., wishes to have the Stations erected in their places he must ask permission of the bishop. Choose your favorite the way of the cross designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Service : Jesus said He “did not come to be served, but to serve and to give His life a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45). The pastor of such a church, or the superior of such a hospital, convent, etc., should take care to sign the document the bishop or the superior of the monastery sends, so that he may thereby express his consent to have the Stations erected in their place, for the bishop's and the respective pastor's or superior's consent must be had before the Stations are blessed, otherwise the blessing is null and void; Pictures or tableaux of the various Stations are not necessary. cross definition: 1. to go across from one side of something to the other: 2. [9] Although several travelers who visited the Holy Land during the 12–14th centuries (e.g. It has become one of the most popular devotions and the stations can be found in many Western Christian churches, including Anglican,[1] Lutheran,[2] Methodist,[3] and Roman Catholic. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. In 1731, Pope Clement XII extended to all churches the right to have the stations, provided that a Franciscan father erected them, with the consent of the local bishop. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Marie Jutras. These faculties are quinquennial. If any of the crosses, for some reason, have to be replaced, no fresh blessing is required, unless more than half of them are so replaced (1839). The meaning of the Way of the Cross. If one person hold the crucifix, a number present may gain the indulgences provided the other conditions are fulfilled by all. The images are from St. Paul of the Cross Parish on Singer Island … Nihil Obstat. These crosses must be of wood; no other material will do. They are as follows: The object of the Stations is to help the faithful to make in spirit, as it were, a pilgrimage to the chief scenes of Christ's sufferings and death, and this has become one of the most popular of Catholic devotions. It is the story of Jesus, naturally, and in particular of the Via Crucis, or Way of the Cross, his painful path along the road that led him to Mount Golgotha. The others, though comprising the chief events of the Passion, are not strictly incidents of the Via Dolorosa itself. Meaning and examples for 'Way of the Cross' in Spanish-English dictionary. (1 Corinthians 2:2) Everything else, he considered rubbish. Wey's account, written in the middle of the fifteenth century, gives fourteen, but only five of these correspond with ours, and of the others, seven are only remotely connected with our Via Crucis: When Romanet Boffin visited Jerusalem in 1515 for the purpose of obtaining correct details for his set of Stations at Romans, two friars there told him that there ought to be thirty-one in all, but in the manuals of devotion subsequently issued for the use of those visiting these Stations they are given variously as nineteen, twenty-five, and thirty-seven, so it seems that even in the same place the number was not determined very definitely. Imitating holy places was not a new concept. Franz Liszt wrote a Via Crucis for choir, soloists and piano or organ or harmonium in 1879. If one person hold the crucifix, a number present may gain the indulgences provided the other conditions are fulfilled by all. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15569a.htm. About the same time the Blessed Eustochia, a poor Clare, constructed a similar set of Stations in her convent at Messina. 15. His body is taken down from the cross; and, Pictures or tableaux of the various Stations are not, If, for restoring the church, for placing them in a more convenient position, or for any other reasonable cause, the crosses are moved, this may be done without the, There should if possible be a separate meditation on each of the fourteen incidents of the Via Crucis, not a general meditation on the Passion nor on other incidents not included in the Stations. No particular prayers are ordered; The distance required between the Stations is not defined. The Way of the Cross is not a work of erudition. Via Crucis: see also viacrucis, víacrucis, via crucis, via-crúcis, via crúcis, vía crucis‎ Via Crucis (English) Noun Via Crucis (uncountable) The Way of the Cross. The erection and use of the Stations did not become at all general before the end of the seventeenth century, but they are now to be found in almost every church. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Stations 3, 4, 6, 7, and 9 are not specifically attested to in the gospels (Roman Catholics believe in Holy Tradition and this is the Holy Tradition not written but practiced for centuries and therefore valid) and Station 13 (representing Jesus's body being taken down off the cross and laid in the arms of his mother Mary) seems to embellish the gospels' record, which states that Joseph of Arimathea took Jesus down from the cross and buried him. The way of the cross: The way of life. In 1773 Clement XIV attached the same indulgence, under certain conditions, to crucifixes duly blessed for the purpose, for the use of the sick, those at sea or in prison, and others lawfully hindered from making the Stations in a church. 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