The root bark and bark have been used traditionally to help with menstrual cramps. The leaves are opposite (alternate in one of our species), simple, with entire or wavy margins, dark green upper sides and usually with paler undersides. It is little used in modern herbalism. People make medicine from the bark. Dogwoods can serve as a corner planting if spaced well away from the house. Red twig dogwood will brighten your winter landscaping with its bright red branches; the shrubs actually can provide year-round interest.Despite bearing spring blossoms, variegated leaves during summer, and berries from summer to fall, clearly, this plant's common name explains the main reason that people grow it: namely, the bush's red twigs, which are brightest from late winter to early spring. Use only dried dogwood bark. [1] Bract – a specialized leaf, usually associated with the reproductive actions of the plant. The bark is yellow or grayish brown, lighter colored or white on the inner surface. Description.—The bark of the stem, branches, and roots, is the medicinal part. Folklore This tropical shrub grows wild in Central America and the northern parts of South America. Give 5-10 drops to children under 5; 10-20 drops to children 5-12, and 2-3 mL to older children. Take 1/2 cup every 2-3 hours. Flowering Dogwood. Bark damage of any kind heals very slowly and flowering dogwood does not tolerate heavy pruning. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. In Europe they’re traditionally made into preserves. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. One of the more potent pain-relieving herbs, it is important to use this plant with care. It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. bark in 1 pint water for 30 minutes and strain. For respiratory and breathing issues you can try hemlock, larch, balsam poplar, and high-bush cranberry. List of various diseases cured by Cornus Officinalis. Twigs Twigs chewed for cleaning teeth. The bark of the flowering dogwood is rich in tannin and has been used as a substitute for quinine. Alternate Leafed Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Description: Our tallest native dogwood can look like a 6 foot (1.8 m) shrub or a 20 foot (6.1 m) small tree. Tincture: take 20-40 drops in water, as needed. American dogwood is a plant. It can be propagated by cuttings or seeds. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Cornus Officinalis. Parts used and Uses: Bark Root-bark tea or tincture widely used for malaria and diarrhea throughout South during the Civil War. The seed pods of Piscidia erythrina have four projecting longitudinal wings. It does contain some isoflavonoid compounds (jamaicine, ichtynone, milletone) that have sedative properties. The buds are scaly, and the flowers, fruits, and bark are distinctive. Jamaican dogwood bark can be used to treat a range of ailments that are related to pain and tension. The Tatarian dogwood is an extremely hardy shrub known for its colorful winter bark. Names of Cornus Officinalis in various languages of the world are also given. Fresh bark upsets the stomach and bowels. Tincture: take 20-40 drops in water, as needed. Any dogwood fruit you’re likely to find can be eaten. To round out its year of beauty, the dogwood’s grayblack checkered bark is proudly shown in the winter. Fruits Berries soaked in brandy for heart burn and upset stomach. What is Jamaican Dogwood Used for? Jamaican-dogwood may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Dogwoods are versatile in the landscape. The bright green bark is streaked with white, except on newer wood, where it is dark Dogwoods are shrubs or small trees. The tree grows up to 15 m in height with compound leaves. Other parts of the tree have medicinal uses too. sericea) is our most widespread native species, occurring over most of the continent except for the southern Great Plains and the southeast. People use dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage – Dogwood bark is tonic, astringent, and slightly stimulant. However, it is used to treat nerve pain, sleep problems, cough cold, etc. It is little used in modern herbalism. Jamaican dogwood bears attractive flowers when they are grown in suitable climate and soils. Root, stem and twig bark was used as a native substitute for quinine. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. Flowering Dogwood- Leaf. How Cornus Officinalis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. TRADITIONAL AND MODERN USES. The wood wore smoothly and didn’t crack under strenuous use. Bark teas with analgesic properties are willow, trembling aspen, and red osier dogwood. Take 1/2 cup every 2-3 hours. sericea)By Walter Fertig. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Dogwood Uses. The root bark is used to make medicine. Yet, the dogwood bark has been used for its sweat-producing, narcotic, and analgesic properties since 1844. Infusion: steep 1 tbsp. Fresh bark upsets the stomach and bowels. It was known that Indian tribes all around the South used dogwood bark and berries as a cure for these diseases, so the rebel government set up dogwood processing facilities on a grand scale. Leaves, bark, or flowers can be used as a protective charm. The fruit is a great source of vitamin C, and has often been used in traditional medicine. Jamaican dogwood is a plant. These days, the herbal tea prepared with dogwood bark is mainly considered to promote appetite. If you are interested in growing Tatarian dogwoods, click here. However, there is no scientific proof that any of these uses of dogwood bark are effectual. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Learn about the Jamaican dogwood benefits, when this herb is well-suited, and how to use it safely. Although the flowers are small and grow in flat clusters, they are lovely when they appear and the berries that form in the fall and winter are … ETHNOBOTANIC USES Dogwood is commonly used for medicinal purposes, also for tobacco, sacred bows and arrows, stakes, and other tools." Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Family: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) Medicinal use of Red Osier Dogwood: Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. One handwritten 1864 copy of the 1862 bark recipe showed logwood bark instead of dogwood bark, 20 and a modern historian stated that the change was intentional and reflected the late-war abandonment of dogwood as useless. – Dogwoods have been used medicinally for generations; the bark is rich in tannins, so ground bark or leaves are used to treat pain, fevers, backaches, dizziness, weakness, excessive sweating, uterine bleeding, and incontinence. It is one of the most underrated shrubs, whether native or non-native. The dense, hard wood of dogwood trees was used in the 19th century to make weaving shuttles for textile mills. Many tribes mixed the scraped and dried green, inner bark of red-osier dogwood with tobacco to make smoking mixtures. The wood is used for specialty products such as spools and jewelry boxes. That from the root is the best. It is quite popular and used extensively in South and Central America as a fish poison. Huge parching ovens were constructed in New Orleans, and dogwood berries were brought in from all over the South to help make medicine. Folklore This tropical shrub grows wild in Central America and the northern parts of South America. They can be used in a grouping or alone. Uses for the red twig dogwood The red twig dogwood is an ornamental plant that is used commonly in hedges and rock gardens. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Plant. Uses in the Landscape. It can be slightly narcotic, or sleep-inducing. The aromatic inner bark has marked bitter and astringent properties; the alkaloid cornin or cornic acid is the active ingredient. Jamaican Dogwood (Piscidia piscipula) – Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus) tincture (a 50/50 combination) is a reliable alternative to ibuprofen or Tylenol for pain relief. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Dogwood bark was used considerably during the American Revolution as a substitute for Peruvian bark. An old folk remedy for treating mange in dogs involved making a decoction of dogwood bark, and washing the affected areas with it. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, … Dogwood bark was used considerably during the American Revolution as a substitute for Peruvian bark. It has dark gray to brown bark with thin, longitudinal and transverse ridges. Use only dried dogwood bark. The bark decoction of Jamaica-dogwood has been used as an herbal remedy to help relieve cough and whooping cough. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. Uses of dogwood The bark of all Cornus species are rich in tannins and have been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine - a drug that’s used to treat malaria and babesiosis. A red dye can be made from the bark of the roots. Dogwood is also used to increase strength, to stimulate appetite, and as a tonic. Plant Description: Jamaican dogwood is a member of the bean family with pinnately compound leaves that grow alternately on the stem. Its medicinal uses bring along safety concerns. bark in 1 pint water for 30 minutes and strain. A bark is 3-6 mm thick and is somewhat fissured, wrinkled and roughish. Of the approximately 50 species of dogwood (genus Cornus) found worldwide, 16 are native to the United States.Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Despite serious safety concerns, Jamaican dogwood is used for anxiety and fear, for sleep problems (especially sleeplessness due to nervous tension), and as a daytime sedative.It is also used for painful conditions including nerve pain, migraines, and menstrual cramps.. Be careful not to confuse Jamaican dogwood … Uses Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. The hard wood was used to make weaving shuttles and golf club heads. It is rarely planted as a solo specimen but is used as a border, mass, screen or hedge plant in landscapes. As an herb of secrecy, it’s a good idea to include some dogwood leaves in a diary, grimoire, or Book of Shadows. Infusion: steep 1 tbsp. Also used as a poultice for external sores and ulcers. Bark teas to aid digestion and stomach problems are spruce, trembling aspen, and high-bush cranberry. It forms an excellent substitute for Peruvian bark, having frequently proved efficient in periodic attacks when the foreign drug failed. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine.