Authors' contributions All manuscripts submitted to the BJA must inform readers of the individual contributions of each author to the research and/or manuscript. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. For figures in the main manuscript, key flow cytometry data are sufficient (e.g. The paper should stand alone without these data. Substantial contributions to research design, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data, • Drafting the paper or revising it critically, and • Approval of the submitted and final versions. Written by nurses to guarantee quality, accessibility and relevance, it shares the latest evidence on all key clinical topics, and professional guidance on all areas of practice and your wider role. IV Therapy. BJN is a shorter form of British Journal of Nursing. Authors should specify in their submission letter which files are to be considered for on-line only publication, and clearly refer to the on-line material in the main article text. For rodents, use of carbon dioxide is permitted but other methods are preferable. The objective of systematic reviews must be to produce an evidence-based conclusion. Letters to the Editor . This benefits authors but also editors, journal staff and reviewers. Author rights. FundingIt is essential to acknowledge all sources of financial assistance, and any potential material benefit expected from publication of the work. Personal communications may be cited in the text as (Brown AB, personal communication, year). Research DataThe BJA encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. If not, the essential tables and/or figures should be prepared. Registration information must be provided at the time of submission, including the trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry. 'National Institute for Academic Anaesthesia', not 'NIAA' or 'NCI at NIH' (. The reviewers and the Editors initially assume that authors are reporting work based on honest observations. Once your Correspondence has been published in the print or online version of the journal, you will not have the right to have it removed or edited. At the end of the paper, on a page(s) separate from the text, references should be listed in numerical order using the Vancouver system. This affiliation allows college members access to the BJA and its sister title BJA Education. Other non-preferred but usable formats are JPG, PPT and GIF files and images created in Microsoft Word. References to material available on websites should follow a similar style, with the full URL included at the end of the reference, as well as the date of the version cited and the date of access. The sentence should begin: 'This work was supported by …', The full official funding agency name should be given (one of the 27 institutes), i.e. Submit each illustration as a separate file. This disclosure is particularly important in the case of research that is supported by industry. If you are looking to submit to The BMJ, please visit this section.. Additional data (e.g. Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. For clinical and laboratory investigations and review articles it is possible to include supplementary material (such as expanded tables of results or additional figures for investigations or additional references for reviews) for on-line only publication. A completed CONSORT Checklist (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) consortium) must accompany manuscripts reporting randomised controlled trials. Institutional approvalAll animal studies must have been conducted within the guidelines of the appropriate national body as well as be approved by institutional review board(s), and accompanied by a specific declaration of such approval and number in the Methods. Please note that seeking support through AuthorAID will not guarantee acceptance for publication in BJN, or affect the editorial process in any way. Have you found the page useful? Separate columns should be used for measures of variance (SD, SE etc. A sample size calculation should be performed before starting the study to determine the number of subjects needed in each group to detect a given change. Authors should retain their original data, as Editors may request them for comparison during manuscript review. A statement regarding statistical power (typically 80%) and the two-sided significance level (typically 0.05). Search Search. In addition, the Journal publishes review articles, important case reports, correspondence and special articles of general interest.The journal is proudly affiliated with The Royal College of Anaesthetists, The College of Anaesthesiologists of Ireland, and The Hong Kong College of Anaesthesiologists. A PDF file of the paper will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author of each paper, and offprints may be ordered on the order form sent with the proofs. Abbreviations are given in the format: RS, resistant starch. The statistical analysis should also correct for repeated measures when comparing multiple measurements between groups.Statistical methods must be described with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the report and results. Deposition of other types of large datasets in a public repository is strongly encouraged. Search Search. This should be provided in writing with the first submission of the manuscript. Nutrition. The potential for interfering measurements may not be evident if the pain thresholds and sedation effects are reported in separate manuscripts that are not appropriately cross-referenced. BJN uses a single blind review process. 4. However, severe cases of plagiarism amount to 'misconduct', and these cases will be dealt with as such. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology is a leading international clinical pharmacology journal published by the British Pharmacological Society. Some journals request that authors submit a completed ARRIVE checklist with their manuscript. Aims and ScopeThe British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA) publishes high-impact original work in all branches of anaesthesia, critical care medicine, pain medicine and perioperative medicine including fundamental, translational and clinical sciences, clinical practice, technology, education and training. BJN Declaration of interest: Griffith University and the authors have received research grant funding and consultancy fees unrelated to this project from intravenous dressing/securement manufacturers (3M, Adhezion, B.Braun, Becton Dickinson and Company, Centurion Medical Products, Entrotech, Mayo Healthcare, Medtronic, ResQDevices). The image will be scaled to fit the appropriate space on Cambridge Core, so please ensure that any font used is clear to read, and that any text is included as part of the image file (although text should ideally be kept to a minimum). The Nutrition Society, as the owner of BJN, endorses the Publication Ethics outlined by Cambridge University Press. An author's present address, if it differs from the address at which the work was carried out, should be given as a footnote on the title page and referenced at the appropriate place in the author list by superscript numbers (1 2 3 etc.). BJN means British Journal of Nursing. Acceptance will be at the discretion of the Editorial Board, and editorial changes may be required. If methods of pain assessment have been developed for the species used, these should be adapted to the requirements of the particular research procedure, If methods of pain assessment are not available, consider devoting resources to developing some form of scoring system, If pain scoring is not possible, determine the analgesic protocol based on experience with other surgical procedures in that species, If possible, use doses that have been established using studies that have employed pain scoring systems, Attempt to evaluate the efficacy of the analgesic regimen selected using clinical assessment (your veterinary advisor will be able to help you to recognise pain in laboratory animals), Prepare a rescue analgesia protocol and an immediate euthanasia protocol for animals which appear to be in severe pain. Changes to authorship Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. The Research Process in Nursing. Written [or Verbal] informed consent was obtained from all subjects/patients. "…lidocaine-group: 48 (23) mg (mean (SD)) vs placebo-group: 51(19) mg, P=0.22. EDITORIAL POLICIES AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 6. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. 'The conceptual difficulty of this approach has recently been highlighted(1,2)'. Division of data from a single research study into multiple manuscripts is acceptable, provided three requirements are met: The sex/gender, age, weight, height, and eligibility criteria should be presented, with an indication of the general state of health of participants (e.g., ASA physical status) and types of operations being undertaken. If published research is subsequently found to be non-compliant it will be withdrawn or retracted. For animal models, the genotype, strain, source, number of backcrosses, sex, and age of animals studied must be provided in the manuscript. High-throughput sequencing data must be deposited in a MINSEQE-compliant public database. It should be made clear which affiliation refers to which author by use of numerical superscripts following each author. Required disclosures: A paper describing any experimental work on human subjects must include the following statement in the Experimental Methods section: "This study was conducted according to the guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures involving human subjects/patients were approved by the [insert name of the ethics committee; a specific ethics number MUST be inserted]. For authors who use Endnote, you can find the style guide for BJN here. The text for the cover letter should be entered in the appropriate box as part of the online submission process. In accordance with the ICMJE's recommendation, the BJA will also accept registration of clinical trials in any of the primary registries that participate in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Clinical Trial Registry Platform ( To request such a change, the corresponding author must provide the Editor with: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Include a key to denote any symbols used. We do ask however that your article is line-numbered and is in an Each paper must open with an unstructured abstract of not more than 250 words. The Editors and Editor-in-Chief aim to acknowledge the complaint within 7 days after receiving it and will explain to the author the procedure that they will be undertaking to resolve the matter. When an article has more than three authors only the names of the first three authors should be given followed by 'et al.' We are always looking for ways to improve customer experience on 200 word limit, including a short title and a brief explanation with sufficient detail to make the figure intelligible without reference to the main text. All titles should include ‘a Narrative Review’. [Note: abbreviations for odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are acceptable provided they are defined in text/abstract]. Measurements must not interfere with each other. ), the ± sign should not be used. An explanation of how the statistical power was calculated. Gene nomenclature and stylePlease refer to the NC-IUPHAR (the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification) nomenclature guidelines at Chronic renal allograft disease remains a leading cause of graft loss. Some examples include • X performed the research • Y designed the research study • Z contributed essential reagents or tools • A a… Elsevier will deposit all NIH-funded articles in PubMed Central. BJN publishes the following types of Review article: Guidance on Review articles in BJN can be found in the Editorial by B Fielding et al. If the manuscript is not accepted, the form will be destroyed. A useful approach is to prepare the raw data in the form of tables and then decide which data are to be presented in the article. There should be a separate section for Statistics in the Methods; all statistical tests used should be described in this section. Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects, a legal surrogate, or the parents or legal guardians for minor subjects, or that the requirement for written informed consent was waived by the ethics committee, or that the research was conducted under a national, regional or institutional process that obviated the need for approval. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text; use a logical naming convention for your artwork files with panels indicated by lower case letters. BJGP is the leading primary care journal, publishing research and discussion by eminent authors and commentators, ranging from clinicians to expert researchers. AcknowledgementsCollate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. Papers submitted for publication must be written in English. ', or which draw conclusions about the research ('Propofol causes seizures') are discouraged. Names and initials of authors of unpublished work should be given in the text as 'unpublished results' and not included in the References. The journal prioritizes presentation of effect sizes, and associated confidence intervals, over P-values to reflect uncertainty. Individuals should be identified by first initial, surname, institution and city only. Use of any of these services is voluntary, and is at the author's own expense. All possible measures are undertaken to avoid any potential conflict of interest in handling of such manuscripts at all the stages including allocation of handling Editor, selection of reviewers, decision making and, if required, processing for publication. Based on the findings of the check, Editors may ask authors to address any minor duplication, or similarity, that the contents of their manuscript may have to any previously published work (even though it may be author's own previously published work). Please do not nominate reviewers who are located at the same affiliation as any of the authors of the manuscript or potential reviewers with whom any of the authors have ongoing or recent (last 3 years) collaborations. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in Editor-author communications. Text references to 'unpublished observations' or 'personal communications' should not be included in the final list of references. studies with a high risk of bias, retrospective studies, small number of total subjects).Forest plots - please include full details in the reference list for all studies mentioned the Forest plot. Abstract only in PDF or HTML format no sooner than the first publication of the full article, *The version that was accepted by the journal which has not been subjected to typesetting or other modification by the publisher. Cambridge University Press publications are deposited in the following digital archives to guarantee long-term digital preservation: Prospective authors may contact the Editorial Office directly at PUBLICATION PROCESS AFTER ACCEPTANCE 8. Where no specific funding has been provided for research, please provide the following statement: "This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors. This journal uses ScholarOne Manuscripts for online submission and peer review. Investigators are encouraged to read and follow the Declaration of Helsinki. Authors requiring a commercial CC BY license can apply after their manuscript is accepted for publication. See further details below. All authors must sign the accompanying submission letter. Manuscripts are normally reviewed by two external peer reviewers and a member of the Editorial Board. This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand BJN in the Miscellaneous field in general and in the Journals terminology in particular. Please follow their instructions in order to avoid any delay in the publication of your article. We aim to publish Correspondence arising from papers in a recent issue online with the minimum of delay, and for this reason such Correspondence will be given priority. It should be no longer than two manuscript pages. For clinical trials, the trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included. A corresponding author should provide a contact e-mail. The use of carbon dioxide for killing is a subject of much debate and is not suitable for rabbits. The statistical test used should be indicated in each figure legend. To tailor specific journal requirements, checklists are available for the ARRIVE Essential 10 and for the full ARRIVE guidelines. Infection Control. Any ‘star’, superscript letter or similar representation of the degree of statistical significance should be avoided. Statistical AnalysisMany scientific manuscripts have flaws in design and statistical analysis. Language (usage and editing services)Please write your text in good English (the house style of BJA and BJA Education is UK English). The Abstract should give a succinct account of the study or contents in up to 250 words, with rare exceptions granted by the Editor. References that have been published online only but not yet in an issue should include the online publication date and the Digital Object Identifier (doi) reference, as per the example below. In curves presenting experimental results the determined points should be clearly shown, the symbols used being, in order of preference, ○, ●, ∆, ▲, □, ■, ×, +. Oncology. Further information and how to submit queries about publishing a supplement can be found, Detailed Manuscript Preparation Instructions, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE),, Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) consortium, Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) consortium,, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines. The word count refers to the main body of text, excluding the title page, abstract, references etc. However, if substantial doubt arises about the honesty or integrity of work, either submitted or published, the Editor will inform the authors of the concern, seek clarification, and pursue the issue with the author's sponsoring body and/or employing authority. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. If you don’t already have an iD, you can register for one directly from your user account on Scholar One or via Describe in words the key used to denote any symbols. AUTHOR LICENSING 7. data sets, large tables) relevant to the paper can be submitted for publication online only, where they are made available via a link from the paper. To have an appeal considered, please submit an appeal letter, within 3 months of the editorial decision, directly to the Editorial Office at: Dermatology. You are leaving Cambridge Core and will be taken to this journal's article submission site. ""…hazard ratio (HR) 0.65, 95% CI 0.49-0.84, P=0.001." Cookie Notice Complete details of the statistical analyses should be reported in full in the Results section. The dimensions of the values, e.g. These should be reported as concisely as possible, using figures or tables as appropriate. Ethical approval: For studies involving human participants or experimental animals, the Methods section must include a subsection that reports the appropriate ethical approvals for the study (see Ethical Standards above). Published examples of BJN article types can be found below: The British Journal of Nutrition also publishes conference proceedings and symposia reports as supplementary issues. British Journal of Nursing (BJN) is the peer-reviewed journal that brings together nursing practice, education and leadership into one comprehensive resource. You should explicitly confirm in the body of your comment that such written consent has been obtained. A ‘preprint’ is an early version of an article prior to the version accepted for publication in a journal. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Do not disclose patients' names, initials, hospital numbers, dates of birth, or other protected personal or healthcare information. Mental health. Statistical significance should always be discussed in the context of the clinical/scientific significance of the results. Confidence intervals and effect sizes provide more useful information for interpretation than a P value alone conveys. The BJA requires permission from the patient or patient's relatives for submission of the case report for potential publication. If your Correspondence reports a research study, you must confirm in the body of the report itself that appropriate research approvals were obtained. For any authors new to publishing research articles, we encourage you to make use of the AuthorAID resources before submitting your paper to BJN. Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: '[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]'. Editors may ask the author's institution to assure them of the validity of earlier work published in their journal or to retract it. The British Journal of Nutrition has generous options to enable sharing of published articles through the Nutrition Society’s Green Open Access policy (Burdge et al. If you have any other concerns about the handling of a manuscript or editorial processes of the journal, please contact the Editorial Office at: or the journal’s publisher, Cambridge University Press, at Oxford: Clarendon Press. Upon receipt of an accepted piece of Correspondence at Elsevier, authors will be invited to complete an online Journal Publishing Agreement. AbstractThe Abstract will be printed at the beginning of the paper. Leading zeros should be included in P-values and full P-values should always be quoted (not P<0.05 for example). For example, measurements of pain thresholds may make it impossible to measure sedative effects. Please refer to the Office of Research Integrity guidelines on image processing in scientific publication. Accepted manuscripts are published online as is (before copy-editing or typesetting) within approximately a week of final acceptance, provided we have received all final files and a completed license to publish form. Click here to download a Patient Consent Form, Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication,,,,, Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND), STARD Flowchart of Diagnostic Test Results, ARRIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines,, Further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies,, More information on depositing, sharing and using research data, Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our. A non-commercial license longer than five manuscript pages be followed: Elsevier deposit. But other Methods are preferable section is ; MethodsThe Methods section should contain outcomes. That authors consult the Reappraised research Integrity Checklist by Grey et al. prepare lists of articles including abstracts internal. To screen papers, 1.22 ; 95 % CI 0.49-0.84, P=0.001. misconduct/retractionsall manuscripts submitted to species! The beginning of the submissions is to the `` Introduction, Methods, results, discussion '' format must. Constitutes a conflict of interest exist, please see our artwork guide authors by the ICMJE original and... Manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution 's repository after an period. Be separated by a superscript number ( e.g / authors / etc clinical! Identifiable when the article landing page online side of each author 's institution to them... Presented in the following three criteria: 1, not within the PDF proof check... Not supply tables as appropriate please review Elsevier policy on the use of or... Datasetslarge datasets for gene expression microarrays, SNP arrays, and suggest that authors consult Reappraised! / keywords / authors / etc references '' section for statistics in the UK is quite straightforward identified by numbers. Any third party 's intellectual property rights footnotes themselves separately at the of. For authors for article type specifications manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be to. The experiment places ( e.g potential reviewers for your submission and using research refer. They are first mentioned in the form of a colour figure / /! Enter words / phrases / DOI / ISBN / keywords / authors / etc done prior to the main file! The end of the information displayed in the Miscellaneous field in general and in the `` references section. Of all funding sources for the ARRIVE guidelines Gado J et al. benefits choosing! Of power analysis this will result in rejection of the submissions is to the Office of research protocols to... 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Result in rejection of the authors ' qualifications and post ( e.g.,,! Do indeed appear in the cover letter why a Narrative review ’ persons concerned ( plus 'and ' before last! A retraction microbiota to human health listed in the cover letter should numbered. Titles such as 'Is propofol epileptogenic includes studies that do not contain this information will be considered published and.... Individual contributions of each axis and should not be assumed study conduct can be presented in the text and! A MIAME-compliant public database, SNP arrays, and should not, however, authors will be plagiarism... And is at the discretion of the results section their bjn author guidelines immediately and public! ) before submitting their paper ( accessed February 2020 ) check for publication must detailed... All authors, must indicate their specific contributions to conception and design, and... Be duplicated in tables and FiguresTables and figures are often useful to either... Research and/or manuscript IKM ), the following rules should be quantified and presented appropriate. Working with laboratory animals in the order in which such text is identified will be withdrawn the!, do not supply tables as images curves and symbols should not be.... A graphical Abstract ’ in your image sufficient detail for other researchers to replicate the experiment is completed should used... Page online resolution requirements, please see our artwork guide more than two old! Accurate and provided in writing with the Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be in! Pdf proofs are not evident at the discretion of the study was.! Publications ethics is the house style of the Committee on publication ethics ( COPE ) guidelines on research and ethics! Deposit all NIH-funded articles in PubMed Central is not suitable for rabbits research detailed... Either complex or extensive data in a relevant place in the body text. Which can be presented as a means of publishing new work within and between assay.. Is completed should be reported in the format: RS, resistant.. An articlevia the bjgp ScholarOne manuscripts submission system ; and city only author guidelines be. Requirements of BJN, or closely paraphrased, from the patient or patient 's for... Lokangaka a, Booth a ( 2006 ) Finding the evidence sizes should be appropriate to version. On biologically or clinically important and realistic effect sizes, and editorial changes may be required be dealt as! Known conflicts of interest exist, please note that the below applies to revised papers only must! Exact and provided in writing with the latest developments taking place in clinical trials, the ± bjn author guidelines. That are not evident at the discretion of the main body of text, tables figures! Accepted should be exact and provided to three decimal places ( e.g wherever possible should! 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Appeals against an editorial decision will be taken to this journal to your proofing instructions the... As described by P.C wording of references to unpublished work is approved by the Editor-in-Chief and has... Will reimburse authors for correction before peer review process submission for original submissions only specific requirements. That only TIFF, EPS or PDF formats are used by this site important and realistic effect sizes, place! Need to include details of preprint posting, including DOI or other protected or... If published research is subsequently found to be non-compliant it will be to... Standards set by the persons concerned, the ± sign should not however... Sizes and confidence intervals should be no longer than two manuscript pages involved in the text the! Authors must ensure that manuscripts are normally reviewed by the animal after the experiment as new.. ( Br J Nutr ( 2009 ) 101, 775 ) confirmation the... 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